为什么婚礼产生与当事人心理有关,中国古代婚姻中的“六礼”是怎样发展的?

为什么婚礼产生与当事人心理有关?
 
有学者分析.婚礼的产生还与当事人的心理需要有关。古人云:“饮食男女,人之大欲存焉。”即将与自己喜欢的人在一起,人们心里的愉悦 和满足感自然难以言表,于是,隆重而欢快的婚礼便应运而生。

                                               为什么婚礼产生与当事人心理有关,中国古代婚姻中的“六礼”是怎样发展的?

 
中国古代婚姻中的“六礼”是怎样发展的?
 
纵观上下五千年的中国历史,从伏羲时代的议婚“以価皮(成对的鹿 皮> 为礼”,到夏商时代的“亲迎于堂”,再到周代完整的“六礼”,婚礼随着社会关系、生活面貌的改变而演变。由于社会文化、宗教观念、地域 文化的差别.婚礼文化的面貌也是不同的。但大体来说,中国古代的婚姻 礼仪有许多共性,一般都包括议婚、订婚和结婚等过程的礼仪程式,有 “成妻之礼”、“成妇之礼”等。“成妻之礼”分为“六礼”,即纳采、问名、 纳吉、纳征、请期和亲迎。“成妇之礼”即拜见公婆、拜谒祖庙。封建时 代,婚姻大事中当事人自主权缺乏,双方父母或媒人对婚姻起决定性作 用。甚至包括婚前礼的一切仪式,诸如从择偶到筹备正式婚礼的所有环 节,双方家长都要包办,婚姻当事人往往被排除在外。这种状况是压制人 性的,是不合理的。
 
 
如今,随着时间的流逝、各地民情的不同和人性的解放,“六礼”所 规定的基本程序虽然大体上还在被遵守,但完全意义上的“六礼”已经不 存在了。“六礼”的具体风俗在各地也有许多差异,人们把注意力较多地 集中到了结婚当天的仪式上,其余的程序被逐渐淡化了。当今时代,男女 平等,自由恋爱普遍盛行,媒人上门提亲的现象越来越少;女子积极主动 求偶的现象也越来越流行;互联网、手机短信等现代信息网络技术的飞速 发展,使得青年男女相互交流的形式、效率都发生了翻天覆地的变化。加 之现代生活节奏的加快.古代婚礼的繁缛流程已被大大简化,有的仪式已 被遗弃。
 
 
总体来说.当今时代,传统婚礼正在发生着重大的变革,新式的婚礼 越来越流行,婚礼形式也日益异彩纷呈。开放的、人性的、时尚的、个性 的婚礼,得到越来越多的年轻人的喜爱。

Why does the wedding have something to do with the client's psychology? Some scholars analyze it. The birth of the wedding is also related to the psychological needs of the client. The ancients said: "eating men and women, people's great desire to exist." The joy and satisfaction of the people who are going to be with them are unspeakable, so a grand and happy wedding comes into being. How did the "six Rites" develop in ancient Chinese marriage? Throughout the five thousand years of Chinese history, from the negotiation of marriage in the Fuxi era, "taking the skin of the deer in pairs as the ritual," to the "welcoming to the Tang" in the Xia and Shang dynasties, to the complete "six rituals" of the Zhou Dynasty, the wedding was accompanied by social relations. The changes in the face of life have evolved. Due to social culture, religious concepts, regional cultural differences. Wedding culture also looks different. But generally speaking, there are many commonalities in ancient China's marriage etiquette, including the procedure of marriage negotiation, engagement and marriage, such as "the ceremony of becoming a wife", "the rite of becoming a woman", and so on. The ceremony of becoming a wife is divided into six Rites, namely, Natse, ask name, Naji, Na Zheng, please period and close welcome. The ritual of becoming a woman is to see her father's wife and pay homage to his ancestral temple. In feudal times, the parties had little autonomy in marriage, and parents or matchmakers played a decisive role in marriage. Even all premarital ceremonies, from choosing a spouse to preparing for a formal wedding, are arranged by both parents and the marriage parties are often excluded. This situation is repressive and unreasonable. Nowadays, with the passage of time, the differences of the local people and the liberation of human nature, the basic procedure stipulated in the "six Rites" is still being observed, but the "six Rites" in the complete sense no longer exist. There are also many differences in the customs of the "six Rites", with more attention being focused on the ceremony of the wedding day, and the rest of the procedure gradually being watered down. Nowadays, men and women are equal, free love is prevalent, the phenomenon of matchmaker coming to the door to raise friends is becoming less and less; the phenomenon of women actively seeking a spouse is also becoming more and more popular; the rapid development of modern information network technology such as the Internet, mobile phone SMS, etc. The form and efficiency of communication between young men and women have changed dramatically. The quickening pace of modern life. The elaborate procedures of ancient weddings have been greatly simplified, and some ceremonies have been abandoned. Generally speaking. Nowadays, traditional weddings are undergoing great changes, new weddings are becoming more and more popular and wedding forms are becoming more and more colorful. Open, human, fashion, personality wedding, more and more young people love.
 
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