重庆结婚风俗:自由择偶,以歌联姻


重庆结婚男女之前,男女双方的婚姻大事是自由的,也是自 己作主的。重庆后生和姑娘到了十五六岁,便开始以山歌(即情 歌)为媒,吐露情思,挑选伴侣。流传至今的不少山歌就反映了 这种情况:“豆腐开浆靠石膏,纸糊灯笼靠篾条,新打木桶靠竹 筲,重庆成亲靠歌谣。” “大山砍柴不用刀,大河挑水不用瓢,好 姐不用媒来讲,山歌搭起五彩桥。” “口唱山歌心有情,对歌小郎 细细听,小郎若有真情意,就请山歌做媒人。”以歌联姻,在当时是普遍的习俗。
 
重庆人民每年正月举行盛大的摆手活动,在祭祀祖先、唱 (摆手歌》、跳摆手舞后,重庆姑娘和后生三三两两、成群结队, 或在场中,或在山边,唱情歌,吹奏咚咚喹和木叶,互相倾吐爱 慕情思,自由挑选情人。她们唱道:
 
月亮出来弯勾勾,
照到菜园萝卜蔸,
萝卜长大人要扯,
情妹长大郎要逑。
燕子起窝看屋舍,
 
为妹恋郎挑角色,
只要哥哥人肯做,
 
半边茅屋不嫌窄。 他们经三年两载的对歌和交往,互相倾心惬意的后生和姑娘便互 赠“信物”,后生给姑娘送银戒指或丝帕,姑娘给后生赠布鞋或 挑花巾,便是订婚的把凭。如果出现两个后生争着爱一个姑娘的 情况,那么两个后生就要通过武艺比赛,或打靶,或射箭,或抵 杆,或摔跤等方式来裁决,优胜者便与姑娘相好下去,失败者则 自觉退出。
The marriage of both men and women was free and self - employed before the marriage of men and women in Chongqing . After Chongqing and girls arrived at the age of 15 , they began to express their love and choose their partners . Many of the songs that have been circulated to date reflected the situation : " The bean curd pulp lies on plaster , the paper paste lantern is leaning against the bamboo strip , and the new wooden barrel depends on the bamboo shoot , and Chongqing is a song . " " There ' s no need for cutting firewood in the mountains , " he said . " There is no need for a big river to pick up water , and it ' s not necessary for the elder sister to use a matchmaker . " " The singer ' s heart is emotional , and the little girl listens to the song , and if he has a true love , ask the mountain song to make a matchmaker . " It was a common custom at that time .
 
 
The Chongqing people hold a grand ceremony every year . After sacrifice to their ancestors , sing ( waving their hands ) and dancing , the Chongqing girl and the next three or two , in the group , or in the presence , or at the edge of the mountain , sing the love song , playing the drumbine and the wooden leaves , mutual love and admiration , free selection of lovers . They sang :
 
 
The moon came out and hooked ,
according to the vegetable garden radish roots ,
if that radish grow up ,
The sister grew up and grew up .
The swallow began to go to the house and looked at the house ,
 
 
take a role for a sister attachment ,
as long as the elder brother is Ken ,
 
 
The hut is not too narrow . After three years of two - year dialogue and communication , each other ' s happy afterlife and the girl gave a " message " , the latter gave the girl a silver ring or silk handkerchief , and the girl gave her a silver ring or a handkerchief , and the girl gave her a cloth or flower towel .
 
 
 
 
Besides , then the two later generations must decide through the martial arts contest , or target , or shoot the arrow , or the rod , or wrestling , etc . , the winner will be better with the girl , and the loser is out of consciousness .
 

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